If you’re looking for an auto body shop in New Jersey make sure you give Peotters Tire & Auto a call as the New Jersey areas premier tire and brake shop. Today’s vehicles are made with many different types of fuel-saving materials like lightweight alloys and plastics. It is important for an auto body shop in New Jersey to be aware of the different materials and techniques used for repairing them.
Auto body shops like Peotter’s Tire and Auto and collision repair services refer to manuals for instructions repairing bumpers. The different material types require various finish materials, removal and installation procedures.
When a plastic bumper is cracked or has a small hole it can be repaired to look as good as new. Replacing the bumper is wasteful and it creates unnecessary debris for our landfills.
A good, eco-friendly auto body shop in New Jersey will only recommend replacing the bumper if the damage is severe enough that repair time would be considered unreasonable and quality of results would be unsatisfactory.
One of the most important parts of your bike is the braking system. Without working brakes you would soon get into big trouble. Keeping your brakes in best shape is important. Fortunately, it is also relatively easy. Here is short bike brake overview. Nowadays, you have three popular types of brake systems: – Rim Brakes – Disk Brakes – Hub, or Drum, Brakes (including the Coaster Brake) A number of other types of brakes have been used and are still used but they are not as popular as the three types mentioned above. Note that some recumbent bikes have no brakes. Obviously, don’t use such bikes in traffic. You may have noticed that track bikes are fixed-gear bicycles without any brakes. Actually, they don’t even have freewheel. But they are only used at a velodrome. The old foot brake is not as popular as it used to be. It is also known as coaster brake and belongs to the drum brake category. The first coaster brake was invented back in 1898. The foot brake has one important advantage, since it is internal it works fine in all weather conditions. Foot brakes work for years without any maintenance but if it breaks, repairing it is generally very complicated. Since coaster brakes can only be applied to rear wheels, skidding is always a possibility. Another problem is that the brake can overheat if used too much. A practical problem is that the pedals need to fairly level, otherwise it will be difficult to brake. But combination of a hand-operated front wheel brake and a foot brake is efficient. Mountain recumbent bikes generally use disk brakes. The system is simple, a metal disc is attached to the wheel hub. When the brake is applied, the pads squeeze against the disc. There are two types of disk brakes, mechanical and hydraulic. Disk brakes have many advantages but they are generally more expensive and heavier than other brake types. They tend to perform well in all weather conditions. They don’t overheat like rim and hub brakes when heavily used. Unlike rim brakes, they don’t heat up the rim and cause the tire pressure to increase. Rim brakes are cheap, light-weight and relatively easy to maintain. The principle is very simple, two brake pads, typically made of rubber, squeeze the rim and slow down the cycle. You have a number of different models of rim brakes. The most common are Cantilever, V and center-mount brakes. Their main disadvantage is that they work badly in wet conditions. In muddy conditions, clogging can be a problem. They can also overheat the rim, which increases the air pressure in the tire. This could in worse case cause the wheel to explode. Obviously, your budget will determine which stationary bikes are worth having a closer look at. Often the difference between the bikes is small, despite that the price difference is large. Although exercise bikes are fairly simply devices, some of them can get noisy after a couple of months. It pays off reading reviews from buyers of the stationary bikes you are interested in. For most people, the number of workouts you get with the bike is not especially important. Nowadays, almost all exercise bikes include the very few basic workouts you really need. More important is that the bike is sturdy, a flimsy bike is very annoying to use. Almost all of the exercise bikes from the well-known manufacturers are of good quality. But if you are thinking of buying a cheap exercise bike from an unknown manufacturer, make sure to test it thoroughly before buying it. Note that especially recumbent exercise bikes are large and heavy, so it can be both difficult and expensive to return them. Thus, the cheapest bike may not the best exercise bike to buy.
The cost of repairing small abrasions, cracks and holes in plastic bumpers is often much cheaper than replacing the part.
Of course, many collision repair technicians would rather replace the part and charge a fee for their labor plus mark-up on the price of the part because they lack in cosmetic repair skills and it is easier to warranty the work.
Working with Plastics
The first step to repairing plastic bumpers is to identify the material in order to choose the method of repair. Auto body shops use ISO codes on the parts to identify the various families of plastics. They cross-reference the codes with charts from the suppliers or by accessing reference materials on the internet.
It is important that the collision repair technician determine the type of plastic they are working with so they know the proper welding procedure to use to avoid damage to the part.
Some plastics can be welded with an airless welder or hot-air welder; others require a hot glue type of procedure. Tests must be performed and welding procedures have to be done correctly to avoid adhesion failure. Some bumpers will melt with a slight color change and they will remain tacky in the area where they have melted.
The bumper repair technician must identify the type of plastic they are working with in order to be successful with adhesive repairs. Failure to properly identify the plastic results in adhesion-related problems.
Some repair materials are based on flexible and rigid plastics. Using the wrong material can cause cracking when the part is flexed or it may not provide the correct strength for the repair area.
Cleaning and Prep
Proper cleaning and prep is critical for proper adhesion and finish. Whether the technician is repairing or replacing the bumper, the part will need to be cleaned. The bumper being repaired is likely to be dirty from the road; the new replacement part can have contamination on it from the manufacturing process.
Auto body repair professionals should use a low-VOC surface cleaner or a special plastics parts cleaner to help prevent solvents from going too deep into the plastic. If solvents are too harsh, they go deep into the plastic and cause adhesion problems after repairs are done.
This is an overview of the process of working with plastics. Time is money in the auto body industry; therefore, many collision repair technicians choose to replace rather than repair plastic bumpers and other parts.
Technology allows us to repair many items that are often replaced. As resources become scarce and landfills become over-full, we really should consider repairing rather than replacing when possible.
Who Really IS the Best Auto Body Shop in New Jersey ?
>> I'm Chad.
I'm a second-year student here at DCTC.
I've been an apprentice at ABRA inBloomington for just about a year, now.
Doing some frame damage,here, repair on a 2005 Ford.
Three door, got hit here,and this here was the main impact.
We've already cut the reinforcementand impact bar off.
Now, we're going to be pulling onthis frame here, to get it straight, using the three-dimensionalmeasurement system to make sure that everything else is inline where it should be.
>> I'm Gerry Rainford.
I'm a second-year instructor here,at Dakota County Technical College.
Chad's a typical second-year student, wherewe get into different levels of repair needs, from just simple door repair to, well, you cansee here, is a full unibody reconstruction.
Mechanical aspects, as well.
Getting into the air conditioning andother mechanical systems on the vehicle.
This is kind of the way that once we havethe vehicle anchored on our frame rack.
We come through and we can actually do pull out.
We're going to be doing a light pull,this morning on the unibody structure.
We're going to see if we can't repair the rails.
Typically, when they're kinked to thispoint, we would do a replacement procedure.
But we're going to see ifwe can't repair them, today.
So, we'll just kind of talk as we go through it.
And we'll see if we can getthe rails to come out.
So, Chad, please take over from here.
>> All right.
I'm going to be using these towers, here, thatare capable of pulling 10,000 pounds apiece.
Try to get this mash come outon this left frame rail, here.
>> So, once again.
We're going to be pulling at a constantlevel that's going to be straight out, to try to replace the height, thelength, and width of the rail.
So, we're going to keep the directionstraight and at a straight pulling distance.
>> And all I'm doing here, now, is justwatching as I'm pulling, going slowly to find out how the metal's going to react.
Everything reacts different,not any accident is the same.
Everything needs to be takenon with a different viewpoint.
What I'm going to do now, isjust hit this metal, here, to try to relieve some of this stress.
[ Hammering Sound ] And always while you're pulling,what you're going to want to do is check your anchoring points, again, tomake sure that the car is not going anywhere.
Make sure all your chainsand clamps are still tight.
As you'll notice, I'm staying above,not standing behind these chains, just in case anything would happen to let go.
[ Hammering Sound ] >> Let's work the backside of the railthrough here a little bit, as well.
[ Hammering Sound ] [inaudible] target.
One of the things we don't want to do, is we don't want to do additionaldamage as we're pulling.
Looks like we're pulling morefrom the bottom of the rail.
>> Than we are from the top.
So, at this point in time, I think we shouldstop, rehook, and grab a hold of the top of the clamp support and pullmore on the top of this rail.
>> All right.
Both these dozers here are run by the same pump.
So, as I pull it's going to pull them equally.
Let's get some pressure on there.
[ Inaudible Comments ] [ Hammering Sound ] >> Just trying to relieve this stress.
Move the metal where I want it.
>> So, let's get a couple ofhits with this on the backside.
[ Hammering Sound ] Right now, we're concernedwith overpulling on it.
And so, I think we're going to stop.
And we're going to regrab ontothe rail at a different location.
Once you've overpulled and it distortsthe rail, then we've got an issue.
>> We're going to cut this outsideof this rail, here off, this cap.
Just a piece of the sheet seal,here, out of high strength steel.
We're going to pull this out here, sothat way we can get inside here, too, and make proper welds and getthis metal straight, again.
I'm just going to be countered along,drill out these spot welds, here.
And then, cut it here at the seam.
I'll run a line, section it out.
>> Why don't you show them how we know how farwe need to pull by using the measuring system? Then, to explain the measuringsystem, real quick? >> All right.
As we pull out on this stuff here, toget this rail out to where it should be, these targets here measure with this beamunderneath the vehicle, measures the vehicle at all kinds of different points.
Four in the middle of the vehicle, twoat the rear of the vehicle, and then, these here in the front closest to the damage.
This vehicle, this chart here for thevehicle is specific for this vehicle.
What this does here, is it hangs targets fromthe vehicle at specific manufacturing locations.
It measures the vehicle throughout there.
You can tell that our centersection here, is good.
And the back of the vehicle is good.
But up here, we're dealing with offmeasurements on the front end from the impact.
>> We're going to take and when we getthe rails pulled back into a location by the manufacturer's specifications, we'lltake, we'll hammer and dolly all this straight.
And we'll take, we've got new components.
We've got a new reinforcement barthat we'll be welding into place, to replace the structure of the vehicle.
But we'll come through, replace the.
You want to come around over here.
You can see that the radiator condenserhas been damaged in this accident.
And it's completely, we've lost all the Freon.
So, we'll be doing an R and Rprocedure on the condenser assembly.
Then, we're going to evac andrecharge the air conditioning system.
And then, move forward with the restof the mechanical repairs at this time.
In some situations, when you getcomposite intake manifolds, like this, components can come back and dodamage to the intake manifolds, starters, alternators, AC compressors.
We have additional damage deeper in the vehicle.
And this one, we've simplygot a condenser to replace.
What's so, how long will ittake you to do this repair? >> This repair here, will take me probablyabout two weeks to finish, to complete.
Done quite a bit already.
Already had all my parts ordered.
Those have already been checkedin and identified, and made sure that they are the rightparts, so I'm not scrambling at the end of the project to find the correct parts.
I'd say about two weeks; two to three weekswould be a good timeline for this vehicle.
>> Well, thank you, Chad.
I appreciate it, taking your time withthe students and this is what we do here at Dakota County Technical College.
It's a two-year program.
We try to get you ready with the latesttechnology and the latest equipment to make sure that they're ready for the industry.
And so, they can be productive and profitablein today's unibody reconstruction world.
Thanks, very much.
Tips on Why Wheel Alignment Is Important
Laser Wheel Alignment SystemsLaser Wheel Alignment Systems are a modern approach to wheel alignment. Wheel alignment certainly is one of the most significant setup parameters for racing cars. You would ask why... Because even things like moment center location and setup balance lose their importance, compared to wheel alignment. The alignment package has a massive amount of influence on the way that a race car behaves and performs.One of the most common questions asked is which is best - wheel mounted or chassis mounted lasers? Answering such a query is not easy: a more precise question would be which laser wheel alignment method is better for accuracy. Then, we would have to say that the chassis mounted laser is the right answer. As to why it is so, please find below...The Wheel Mounted LaserThe wheel mounted laser is very much likely to give mounting inaccuracies. Even if the hub or spindle adapter is flawless, it's still extremely probable to have a burr on the hub or spindle face. Consider the following scenario: a simple piece of silicone 0.010" thick left on the rear hub face will throw the laser off by 0.332" by the time it reaches the leading edge of the front tire. Moreover, once we mount the laser to the wheel, that wheel now becomes the "master" reference point. In order to apply this method with accuracy, you will have to first check axle tube straightness, and then test rear end placement or wheel alignment. This rule is valid for all wheel mounted systems. On the other hand, what is also true for wheel mounted lasers is that the further you project the laser, the more accuracy you will gain. Still, in case that your mounting surface and adapters are not absolutely perfect, you will observe more inaccuracy again.Mounting the lasers to the chassis also enables the user to make suspension adjustments and read the changes instantly. For example, if you decide to adjust a trailing arm or a panhard bar, you can watch the rear end location change as you turn the tubes. Your adjustment moves the chassis, which has the lasers attached to it. Once you square the lasers to the chassis, you can make any adjustment to the suspension and the lasers stay square.Finally, it would be best to look for laser wheel alignment systems that have chassis mounted lasers that are adjustable. Having adjustable lasers allows the user to tune the laser to the master reference points, while also eliminating the possibility of a laser being "out of calibration".
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